The study reveals the greenest areas in the UK, with Exeter, Islington and Bristol topping the list.

Exeter, Islington and Bristol are among the three greenest urban areas in the UK, according to a new study.

But while the Exons enjoy plenty of succulent leaves when they go outside, the same cannot be said for the residents. GlasgowLeeds and Liverpool.

This is because, in the same study, these northern cities were placed at the bottom of a list of 68 municipalities ranked by their green attributes.

It was compiled by researchers at the University of Sheffield who also found that poorer urban areas tend to be less green.

Lead author, Dr. Jake Robinson, said: “This work can help local authorities and city planners inform about efforts to equitably green urban centers.”

Exeter, Islington and Bristol are among the three greenest urban areas in the UK, according to a new study. However, Glasgow, Leeds and Liverpool are at the bottom of the list of 68 municipalities ranked by their green attributes.

Topping the list is Exeter, which, according to Exeter County Council, has almost 400 hectares of green space and has a forest cover of 11.67 percent.  Pictured: Powderham Park in Exeter.

Topping the list is Exeter, which, according to Exeter County Council, has almost 400 hectares of green space and has a forest cover of 11.67 percent. Pictured: Powderham Park in Exeter.

The five least green urban areas are former industrial areas in the north of England.  Pictured: Glasgow, Scotland

The five least green urban areas are former industrial areas in the north of England. Pictured: Glasgow, Scotland

Previous research has linked green space to many health benefits, including risk reduction. heart diseaseimproved lung function as well as better mental health.

Research from University of Exeter this year it was revealed that they contribute £25.6 billion a year to the health and well-being of the citizens of England and Wales.

Not surprisingly, more trees, vegetation, and parks are also benefiting the environment, with studies claiming that “wilderness restoration” increasing area will improve biodiversity.

In a study published today in PLUS ONEthe researchers wanted to assess the “greenness” of UK urban areas with at least 100,000 inhabitants.

They argue that such work has only been done in the suburbs and that people from different socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to mix in urban centers due to work, shopping and other activities.

Their aim was to highlight any geographic disparities in green infrastructure and wildlife-supporting habitats, as well as their benefits.

Urban centers in descending order of their combined Green Attribute Ranking (PCA).  The chart also shows the five highest-rated city centers (blue), the five worst-rated city centers (red), and the ranks for individual green attributes.  OSGS = Ordnance Survey Green Zone

Urban centers in descending order of their combined Green Attribute Ranking (PCA). The chart also shows the five highest-rated city centers (blue), the five worst-rated city centers (red), and the ranks for individual green attributes. OSGS = Ordnance Survey Green Zone

Top 10 deadliest cities in Europe due to lack of greenery

The study ranked the European cities with the highest number of deaths related to the lack of green spaces.

  1. Trieste (Italy)
  2. Turin (Italy)
  3. Blackpool (UK)
  4. Gijón (Spain)
  5. Brussels, Belgium)
  6. Le Havre (France)
  7. Szombathely (Hungary)
  8. Boulogne-sur-Mer (France)
  9. Copenhagen, Denmark)
  10. La Coruna (Spain)

Read more here

For their work, the researchers analyzed three indicators: tree cover, the presence of green spaces such as parks and sports fields, and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI).

The latter is an indicator of the presence of living green vegetation in the area and is measured using satellite observations of the reflection and absorption of light.

They combined these indicators into a single assessment and ranked 68 municipalities according to them.

Topping the list is Exeter with nearly 400 hectares of green space. Exeter County Counciland tree cover 11.67 percent.

Open Greenspace data from the Ordnance Survey (OS) shows it also has 0.05% green space coverage.

The rest of the top five included Islington, Bristol, Bournemouth and Cambridge – all areas in the south of England.

The area with the least green space is Glasgow, which has only 1.95% tree cover and 0.00% green space.

The Scottish city is joined by five areas at the bottom of the list: Middlesbrough, Sheffield, Liverpool and Leeds.

The authors note that these are all former industrial areas in the north of England.

“Other reports have demonstrated a north-south gap in terms of tree abundance in the wider landscape, as well as significant differences in socioeconomic and health status,” they wrote.

Scatterplot of correlation for population and mean NDVI for urban centers

Correlation Scatterplot for Population Size and Tree Coverage

The larger the population of an urban centre, the lower the NDVI and tree coverage tend to be. Pictured: Scatter correlation plots of population and mean NDVI for urban centers (left) and population and tree coverage (right).

The rest of the top five green urban centers were Islington, Bristol, Bournemouth and Cambridge, all in southern England.  Pictured: Bristol, England

The rest of the top five green urban centers were Islington, Bristol, Bournemouth and Cambridge, all in southern England. Pictured: Bristol, England

The researchers also found a “weak to moderate” negative correlation between the amount of green space and the Multiple Deprivation Index (IMD).

The IMD is an estimate published by the Office for National Statistics that categorizes the relative level of poverty in a region.

It takes into account indicators of health, education, income, employment, and crime risk, and thus highlights their relationship to the reduction of green resources.

Dr. Robinson said: “It is not surprising that urban centers with higher tree and vegetation cover, public green spaces, including parks and sports fields, developed after more emphasis on urban planning rather than urban sprawl and industrial growth, and now have lower levels of deprivation. in general, including in terms of human health.

The researchers also found a

The researchers also found a “weak to moderate” negative correlation between the amount of green space and the Multiple Deprivation Index (IMD).

In addition, the study found that the larger the population of an area, the lower the NDVI and tree coverage tend to be.

This trend is worrisome as public green spaces are important for human health and well-being.

Moreover, as population increases, biodiversity is likely to be under greater pressure due to reduced available habitats and increased pollution.

The authors write: “This is important because it suggests that the resources that promote health and maintain biodiversity decrease as population increases and deprivation increases.

“The differences in green infrastructure across the country, along with trends in population and deprivation, are important from an environmental and social equity and equity perspective.”

They hope that their results will help local authorities and urban planners reduce inequality in urban greening.

British treasure hotspots: Norfolk, Suffolk and Lincolnshire are among the top ten counties with the most buried wealth.

Norfolk, Suffolk and Lincolnshire are among the top ten counties where you are most likely to find buried treasure, according to a study of all discoveries since 2012.

It states that 8,775 treasures have been found in England, Wales and other countries. Northern Ireland over the past ten days.

using UK government data on treasure and portable antiques, analysis shows that Norfolk had the most finds in 917.

However, most often people on the Isle of Wight come into contact with the treasure – 129 finds per 100,000 people.

One of the major treasures uncovered in Norfolk was a £145,000 collection of gold necklace and pendants found in the grave of an Anglo-Saxon student.

Read more here

Norfolk has the most treasures discovered between 2012 and 2019, according to a new study.

Norfolk has the most treasures discovered between 2012 and 2019, according to a new study.